Sunday, 26 October 2014

The new JKA Grading Syllabus

Mawashi geri is now not `formally tested' until the JKA Nikkyu-shinsa.
Although feeling better—I am still very unwell—so, today I thought I’d briefly analyse the new JKA (Japan Karate Association) grading requirements, which were recently released here in Japan. The new syllabus introduces some significant changes in the kihon, kata and kumite testing, which all point towards “stronger foundational budo karate”.
 
For example, the 10th Kyu is now `a tested rank’ that features stationary kihon and, therefore, provides an extended time to develop core basic skills. Likewise, on the kata front, Taikyoku Shodan (as long expected via its inclusion in various gasshuku/training camps) has been reintroduced. What makes this interesting is that the Heian kata have been pushed forward, now being tested from 7th Kyu (as opposed to 8th Kyu). Naturally, this results in Tekki Shodan becoming the kata for the 2nd Kyu exam. Even more interesting is that the 1st kyu test now limits examinee to select one kata (from either Bassai Dai or Kanku Dai)—I think this is great! The kumite is just as interesting with Gohon kumite remaining at 8th and 7th Kyu; and `standard’ Kihon ippon kumite for 6th, 5th and 4th Kyu; however, for the 3rd and 2nd Kyu `Kihon Ippon Kumite (Kiri kaeshi) is now required. You can read about this in my syllabus outline below and the aforementioned point, about “stronger
foundatinal budo karate”, should resonate. Accordingly, Jiyu Ippon Kumite is now only for the 1st Kyu and Shodan examinations, but again with greater focus on `proper kime’ as opposed to the modern `trends’ that have come about through the sportification of karate. For higher ranks, there is also another change. For those taking the Rokudan or Nanadan, there is now a choice between Jiyu Kumite or Kihon ippon kumite.
 
Of course there are many other little changes, but these are for you to find. I, for one, am really excited about the new syllabus as I can see how it will really contribute towards to the development of `up-and-coming karateka’ and help to better preserve Traditional Budo Karate. Best wishes from Kumamoto-ken, André.

 10TH KYU

Kihon

1. Chudan choku zuki (Hachiji dachi)

2. Jodan age uke (Hachiji dachi)

3. Chudan soto uke (Hachiji dachi)

4. Gedan barai (Hachiji dachi)

5. Gedan kakiwake uke: Mae geri (Heisoku dachi)

(All kihonwaza are performed to a count—five times each).
 
Choku-zuki is now tested for the new JKA 10th Kyu.

9TH KYU

Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki (Hachiji dachi—Zenkutsu dachi)

2. Jodan age uke (Hachiji dachi—Zenkutsu dachi)

3. Chudan soto uke (Hachiji dachi—Zenkutsu dachi)

4. Gedan barai (Hachiji dachi—Zenkutsu dachi)

5. Gedan kakiwake uke: Mae geri (Heisoku dachi)

(All kihonwaza performed to a count— five times each).

 

8TH KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke

3. Chudan soto uke

4. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi)

5. Mae geri

6. Yoko keage (Heisoku dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed five times each and six times for yoko keage—with alternate legs). Please note, for the 8th kyu test, the ido-kihon are only performed`zenshin’( advancing).

(b) Kata: Taikyoku Shodan

(c) Gohon kumite: Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki
 

Chudan jun zuki is now tested in isolation up until Ikkyu.
7TH KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke

3. Chudan soto uke

4. Chudan uchi uke

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed five times and three times, in each direction, with yoko keage).

(b) Kata: Heian Shodan

(c) Gohon kumite: Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki

 6TH KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke

3. Chudan soto uke

4. Chudan uchi uke

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

8. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed five times and three times, in each direction, for both yoko keage and yoko kekomi). Also note that jodan age uke and chudan uchi uke are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Heian Nidan

(c) Kihon ippon kumite: Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki

(Please note the attacking order: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, hidari jodan jun zuki then hidari chudan jun zuki).
 
5TH KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke, gyaku zuki

3. Chudan soto uke, gyaku zuki

4. Chudan uchi uke, gyaku zuki

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

8. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed five times and three times, in each direction, for both yoko keage and yoko kekomi). Also note that jodan age uke kara gyaku zuki  and chudan uchi uke kara gyaku zuki are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Heian Sandan

(c) Kihon ippon kumite: Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki, chudan mae geri

(Please note the attacking order: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, migi chudan mae geri, hidari jodan jun zuki, hidari chudan jun zuki and hidari chudan mae geri). 
Stationary mae-geri is now tested, as is stationary yoko-keage.
4TH KYU


(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke, gyaku zuki

3. Chudan soto uke, gyaku zuki

4. Chudan uchi uke, gyaku zuki

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

8. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed five times and three times, in each direction, for both yoko keage and yoko kekomi). Also note that jodan age uke kara gyaku zuki and chudan uchi uke kara gyaku zuki are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Heian Yondan

(c) Kihon ippon kumite: Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki, chudan mae geri, chudan yoko kekomi

(Please note the attacking order: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, migi mae geri, migi yoko kekomi, hidari jodan jun zuki, hidari chudan jun zuki, hidari mae geri then hidari yoko kekomi).

 

3RD KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke, gyaku zuki

3. Chudan soto uke (Zenkutsu dachi), yoko enpi (Kiba dachi)

4. Chudan uchi uke, gyaku zuki

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Ren geri: chudan mae geri, jodan mae geri

8. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

9. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

(All ido kihon are performed three times in each direction). Also note that jodan age uke kara gyaku zuki and chudan uchi uke kara gyaku zuki are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Heian Godan

(c) Kihon ippon kumite (Kiri kaeshi): Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki *

(Please note the attacking order: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, hidari jodan jun zuki then hidari chudan jun zuki). No tai sabaki is permitted.

* Jodan: The attacker initiates with jodan jun zuki and the defender steps back and blocks with jodan age uke. From there, the defender counter attacks with their own jodan jun zuki. The attacker then steps back blocking with jodan age uke finally countering with gyaku zuki.

* Chudan: This follows the same pattern as jodan but with mid-attacks and the use of chudan soto uke.
 

The new arrangement of kihon-gata is a significant change.
2ND KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Jodan age uke, gyaku zuki

3. Chudan soto uke (Zenkutsu dachi), yoko enpi, yoko uraken uchi (Kiba dachi)

4. Chudan uchi uke, gyaku zuki

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Ren geri: chudan mae geri, jodan mae geri

8. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

9. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

10. Mawashi geri

(All ido kihon are performed three times in each direction). Also note that jodan age uke kara gyaku zuki and chudan uchi uke kara gyaku zuki are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Tekki Shodan

(c) Kihon ippon kumite (Kiri kaeshi): Jodan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki, chudan mae geri *

(Please note the attacking order: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, migi mae geri, hidari jodan jun zuki, hidari chudan jun zuki then hidari mae geri). No tai sabaki is permitted.

* Jodan: The attacker initiates with jodan jun zuki and the defender steps back and blocks with jodan age uke. From there, the defender counter attacks with their own jodan jun zuki. The attacker then steps back blocking with jodan age uke finally countering with gyaku zuki.

* Chudan: This follows the same pattern as jodan but with mid-attacks and the use of chudan soto uke.

* Mae geri: Attacker initiates with mae geri and the defender blocks with gedan barai. The defender then retaliates with their own mae geri. In response, the attacker steps back blocking with gedan barai and countering with gyaku zuki.

 

1ST KYU

(a) Kihon

1. Chudan jun zuki

2. Sanbon ren zuki

3. Jodan age uke, gyaku zuki

4. Chudan soto uke (Zenkutsu dachi), yoko enpi, yoko uraken uchi (Kiba dachi)

5. Chudan uchi uke, kizami zuki, gyaku zuki

6. Gedan barai, gyaku zuki

7. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

8. Mae geri

9. Ren geri: chudan mae geri, jodan mae geri

10. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

11. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

12. Mawashi geri

(All ido kihon are performed three times in each direction). Also note that jodan age uke kara gyaku zuki, chudan uchi uke kara kizami zuki soshite gyaku zuki and chudan shuto uke kara nukite are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Bassai Dai or Kanku Dai (examinees free choice).

(c) Jiyu ippon kumite
 

Enpi and Jion are no longer optional for brown belt exams.
SHODAN

(a) Kihon

1. Sanbon ren zuki

2. Jodan age uke, chudan mae geri, gyaku zuki

3. Chudan soto uke (Zenkutsu dachi), yoko enpi, yoko uraken uchi (Kiba dachi)

4. Chudan uchi uke, kizami zuki, gyaku zuki

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

6. Mae geri

7. Ren geri: chudan mae geri, jodan mae geri

8. Yoko keage (Kiba dachi)

9. Yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

10. Mawashi geri

(All ido kihon are performed three times in each direction). Also note that jodan age uke kara mae geri soshite gyaku zuk and chudan uchi uke kara kizami zuki soshite gyaku zuki are executed moving rearward.

(b) Kata: Bassai Dai, Kanku Dai, Enpi or Jion (examinees free choice).

(c) Jiyu ippon kumite

(Please note the attacking order and that only right side attacks are in the exam: Migi jodan jun zuki, migi chudan jun zuki, migi chudan mae geri, migi chudan yoko kekomi and migi chudan mawashi geri).
 

NIDAN

(a) Kihon

1. Kizami zuki, Sanbon ren zuki (free kamae)

2. Mae geri, chudan jun zuki (free kamae)

3. Jodan age uke, chudan soto uke, gyaku zuki (both receptions with the same arm)

4. Ippo sagatte gedan barai, chudan jun zuki, chudan jun zuki (step back with gedan barai then advance with two consecutive jun zuki)

5. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), kizami mae geri, nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

6. Yoko keage ashi o kaete  yoko kekomi (Kiba dachi)

7. Yoko kekomi, gyaku zuki (free kamae)

8. Mawashi geri, gyaku zuki (free kamae)

(b) Kata: Tokui-gata

(c) Jiyu kumite
While most of the JKA dan examination ido-kihon remains the same there are two minor changes in the shodan-shinsa.



SANDAN

(a) Kihon

1. Kizami zuki, Sanbon ren zuki (free kamae)

2. Jodan age uke, chudan soto uke, gyaku zuki (both receptions with the same arm)

3. Chudan uchi uke (Kokutsu dachi), kizami zuki, gyaku zuki (Zenkutsu dachi)

4. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), kizami mae geri, nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

5. Ippo sagatte jodan age uke, chudan mawashi geri, yoko uraken uchi, chudan jun zuki (step back with jodan age uke, then advance with the three counterattacks)

6. Mae geri, yoko kekomi, mawashi geri, gyaku zuki (free kamae)

7. Migi chudan mae geri—chudan yoko kekomi—chudan ushiro geri: all three kicks balanced on one leg.

8. Hidari chudan mae geri—chudan yoko kekomi—chudan ushiro geri (same as previous technique but on the opposite `left’ side).

(b) Kata: Tokui-gata

(c) Jiyu kumite

The new JKA syllabus is nothing less than a masterpiece. 
 YONDAN

(a) Kihon

1. Kizami zuki, Sanbon ren zuki (free kamae)

2. Chudan uchi uke (Kokutsu dachi), kizami zuki, gyaku zuki (Zenkutsu dachi)

4. Shuto uke (Kokutsu dachi), kizami mae geri, nukite (Zenkutsu dachi)

5. Mae geri , yoko kekomi (both kicks with the same leg), gyaku zuki (free kamae)


6. Migi chudan mae geri—chudan yoko kekomi—chudan ushiro geri: all three kicks balanced on one leg.

7. Hidari chudan mae geri—chudan yoko kekomi—chudan ushiro geri (same as previous technique but on the opposite `left’ side).
 8. Gyaku zuki (Idomokuhyo: punching at different points by examiner’s direction)
(b) Kata: Tokui-gata and one of the Shitei-gata (a randomly selected Heian or Tekki Shodan)

(c) Jiyu kumite



GODAN

(a) Kihon

Gyaku zuki (Idomokuhyo: punching at different points by examiner’s direction)

(b) Kata: Tokui-gata and one of the Shitei-gata (a randomly selected Heian or Tekki Shodan)

(c) Question and Answer Session

(d) Jiyu kumite
The requirements for JKA Nidan, Sandan and Yondan (and  Godan, which I tested for in Japan last year) have not changed.
 
ROKUDAN

(a) Kata: Tokui-gata and one of the Sentei-gata (a randomly selected kata from Bassai Dai, Kanku Dai, Enpi or Jion)

(b) Question and Answer Session: Research dissertation about technique(s).

(c) Kumite: either Jiyu kumite or Kihon ippon kumite 

 
NANADAN

(a) Kata: Tokui-gata

(b) Question and Answer Session: Research dissertation about technique(s).

(c) Kumite: either Jiyu kumite or Kihon ippon kumite 

 
 HACHIDAN, KUDAN, JUDAN
 
Recommendation of the Japan Karate Association Instructors Committee

(a) Kata: Tokui-gata

(b) Question and Answer Session: Research dissertation about technique(s).

(c) Kumite: Jiyu kumite
Overall, the new syllabus really shows the huge void between the JKA, which emphasises Budo Karate, and sports karate.

 © André Bertel. Aso-shi, Kumamoto. Japan (2014).

Tuesday, 21 October 2014

HAIEN: Down and out with severe pneumonia

A photo of my training in the early days of this website.
One of my policies, when I write articles on this blog, is “…when I don’t train I don’t write nor post”. My mentality (and not at all a criticism of others) is that “When I don’t train, I have no `right to write’ about karate”. Furthermore, I also believe doing so takes away the kokoro that comes out of this site, which has made it so popular around the world. Unambiguously, in many ways, I suppose this is utter nonsense; nevertheless, I do intrinsically and wholeheartedly believe that when it comes to Karate-Do, training takes precedence over every other aspect. Thinking and writing have their place, but can never replace the hard yards on the dojo floor. I’ve talked about this much before—in past posts—but here I am posting today; indeed and understatedly, without training for the first time in many years.

Anyway, today, I was diagnosed with serious pneumonia (39.6 Degree Celsius fever) and told that I must either be admitted to hospital, or go home and strictly stay inbed. I decided to come home, as I’m not contagious (safe for our new-born baby Mia, and Mizuho).

That being said, the doctor told me firmly “NO WORK, NO KARATE BERTEL SAN: FOR AT LEAST FIVE DAYS!” So, here I am, hypocritically breaking my own rules… Perhaps ironically, I have plenty to do here, study Japanese (desperately need to do more of that), read books, you name it,... Yet, it is really is strange not to teach nor train karate daily… And today is only my first day!!! Oh my…

You might think I’m implying I can’t relax, but that is not true either… Give me a cold beverage and good company; a walk in nature; or, especially at present, time with my wife and daughter, and I am more than relaxed.

So what am I writing about??? Basically, ROUTINES. I couldn’t work out my consistency with karate for so many years. I was really asking myself, and of course being asked by friends and family, “HOW DO YOU KEEP GOING?” I am not bragging when I say this—and you will see why—after I explain routines more specifically.

It is not my personal determination or mind-power that keeps me going. I can’t credit those attributes to myself, insofar as my daily karate training goes; instead, it is that karate training is in `my daily routine’—irrespective of how busy I get in life.

If there is not enough time for karate, I make the time. If that means getting up a lot earlier to self-train etc., that’s exactly what I have to do.

I never jeopardise other areas of my life for karate, especially family. Instead, like water, karate training flows into the gaps of my life and fills them idealistically. Perhaps there is some level of  determination involved; but, more importantly, I have a power which transcends my personal weaknesses (especially that inherent lazy streak, which we all have).

Ewwieeee, so André has a power…  Well, no! As mentioned above, it is primarily routine. Let’s compare daily karate training to the simple action of brushing our teeth.  We don’t stop brushing our teeth two-three times per day because of any factor (at least I hope that no one who reads this does…). Rather we brush on a daily basis to avoid cavities, look as nice as possible, and not `submit the world around us to extremely bad breathe’. What I am trying to say is that karate is simply a routine to me, more so than my effort: otherwise `lazy bones' would certainly win!

MY SECRET—KARATE IS CONTROLLED BY MY ROUTINE: If I am having a great day, and all is super, fine, and yes, even dandy—I still train. If I am feeling tired, glum, frustrated, or anything else—yes, I still train. What I’m trying to say here (and have indeed stated numerous times in the past) is that “Training is not controlled by my emotions: nor love or periodic dislike for karate—which has occurred consistently over the years; instead, it is a part of me. This makes keeping up training `NO EFFORT’ because it is simply what you do. It is primarily cerebral as opposed to emotionally driven. The bonus, not the main point, is what karate does for my body and mind (irrespective of my day). Needless to say, these points make us happy.
 
A special message for those who competed at the 13th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate Championships. Firstly, congratulations!!! Secondly, the fire is burning hot now, but naturally it will cool. This is a wonderful window of opportunity to routinize your karate, so that your training moves forward consistently from now. The excitement may waver for a little while, but again, don't let this influence/lessen your training. A special thanks to Pinto Karate Dojo: http://pintokaratedojo.com/ for streaming the World Karate-Do Championships live. Also apologies to Lutie van den Berg Sensei and Naka Tatsuya Sensei for being unable to meet with you tomorrow night due to my illness. Of course, I am very disappointed about this.
 
I’ll wrap now… I hope this little article offers you something. At the very least, if you are a karateka, keep going to the dojo; and, make karate-do your routine: irrespective of how many days a week you can get to the dojo (and especially irrespective of your emotions, which are all too often hindrances to peoples life achievements and, overall, their joy).  If you do this, you will gain the most from your training and will routinely continue; moreover, should you choose to do so, you may well continue benefiting Karate-Do until your old age.

Kindest regards from my Japanese futon, André
© André Bertel. Aso-shi, Kumamoto. Japan (2014).

Thursday, 9 October 2014

Updated training regime: a return to the sentei-gata

Warming up: my private dynamic stretching routine.
At present I am reviewing the sentei-gata: Bassai Dai, Kanku-Dai, Enpi and Jion. Needless to say, this is a big step from the five Heian and Tekki Shodan, however, I am now tackling `the big four’ in light of them. In addition to these kata I am working on Gohon kumite (Five step sparring); Kihon ippon kumite (Fundamental one-step sparring); and once again going through the JKA syllabus kihon. In my own training this is currently focused on the 9th, 8th and 7th Kyu exams.

Balancing this, at the Kumamoto Chuo Dojo one of my seniors (Mr. Katayama who is in his 70s) is going for his JKA Sandan soon; consequently, kihon practice with Nakamura Shihan has naturally been focused on the Sandan curriculum.  For those of you who don’t know this includes: (1) Kizami-zuki+ sanbon ren-zuki; (2) Jodan age-uke + same arm chudan soto-uke + gyaku-zuki; (3) Chudan uchi-uke in kokutsu-dachi + kizami-zuki + gyaku-zuki; (4) Shuto-uke + kizami mae-geri + nukite; (5) Stepping back with jodan age-uke + advancing with mawashi-geri + uraken yoko-uchi + chudan jun-zuki; (6) Mae-geri + yoko-kekomi + mawashi-geri + gyaku-zuki; and (7) Mae-geri + yoko-kekomi + ushiro-geri kicking frontward, sideward and rearward: before returning the kicking foot to the floor (with both right and left legs). Perhaps a little off topic, but it really impresses me how we can find several of these renzokuwaza (combination techniques) in the 1960s JKA textbook, `Dynamic Karate’. Other groups do this as well, but the JKA have some very special points which pertain to the origins of these waza.
Kanku-dai kata.

That being said, it is very interesting how everything comes back to the core fundamentals—the core foundational principles, irrespective of complex renzokuwaza, kata, kumite, self-defence or impact work. When this is a physical reality—all aspects of training unite—and shingitai can be optimally worked towards. Contrasting my previous months kata training, of the six shitei-gata, with the more advanced sentei-gata; furthermore, my current `basic’ kihon work (in my self-training) with the `advanced training’ (under Nakamura Shihan and Akiyoshi Sensei); and the aforementioned point can be vividly seen.
Presently I'm focusing on deai in jiyu-kumite as depicted here in Germany.
It is from this reference point that the lines between basic and advanced become blurred and often undertake a sort of ‘polar reverse’ if you will. In my case, this has constantly occurred over the last three decades in karate-do and will certainly continue to do so. Such learnings are what make karate so challenging and, at the same time, so enjoyable. Osu, André.

© André Bertel, Aso-shi, Kumamoto. Japan (2014). 
 

Wednesday, 1 October 2014

Hirota's Latest Karate Uniform: The `TAKUMI'

A while back I bought the `Takumi’ (Craftsman), which is the latest dogi (karate uniform) from Hirota. I can honestly say that it is the best dogi I have ever worn in my karate career—actually the best by far! Until now, their `Pinak kata’ was, in my opinion, the best karate suit on the market.
___________

Probably the most accurate way to explain the Takumi is that it’s half-way between the `Pinak Kata’ and ‘Pinak Kumite’. It has paper thin material which moves with the body yet it is firm. This means it gets the best of both types of Pinak… Not to mention, it dries rapidly.
___________

Comfort and how a dogi hangs/”sits” on the body are probably the most important points when it comes to karate uniforms, and the Takumi is unparalleled in both of these aspects. Accordingly, I rate this new suit 11/10… `11’ because I can’t see Hirota, or any other companies, ever outdoing it. Of course, I’d like to see them prove me wrong, but I really can’t see this happening. Essentially, this dogi is certain to become “the standard” for all experts (and world level competitors alike).

With all these points in mind, make sure you get the perfect size for you!!! And, as always, I strongly recommend going through Kuroobiya to ensure this: because they are the best in Japan at achieving an optimally fitting dogi. Hamid and his team at Kuroobiya will ensure you get the right size (which is critical, as the Takumi is a fully tailored uniform and thus requires real specifics to get it right).
Hirota's measurement chart... Looks easy, but requires a thorough knowledge of the product: in relation to your own
specific wants and needs.
Here is a link to the Kuroobiya homepage—it is a one of the few karate websites I have bookmarked: http://www.kuroobiya.com.
 
 Taken as a whole, I can’t overemphasise the excellence of Hirota’s Takumi: this new dogi has lifted the bar to an unprecedented height.
© André Bertel. Aso-shi, Kumamoto. Japan (2014).